Myocardial Ischemia Treatment

Myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarct occurs when the flow of blood to the heart decreases due to a part or complete occlusion of the coronary artery. Decrease in blood flow decreases the heart's oxygen supply, which in turn damages the heart muscle, diminishing its capacity to pump efficiently.

Management of myocardial infarct comprises of enhancing the blood flow to the heart muscle. On the basis on the severity of the symptoms, the patient is treated with drugs; made to undergo a surgery or both.

Medications for Myocardial Ischemia Treatment

Aspirin: an aspirin is a blood thinner. It decreases the tendency of the blood to clot, thus preventing an arterial blockage.
Beta blockers: relax the heart muscles, and lower the blood pressure.
Nitroglycerin: momentarily opens the arteries, thereby enhancing the blood flow.
Cholesterol lowering medications: these drugs reduce LDL or bad cholesterol, and thus prevent plaque deposits which would occlude the arteries.
Calcium channel blockers: relax and enlarge the arteries and consequently increase the flow of blood to the heart. They also decrease the workload on the heart.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor: relax the blood vessels and lower blood pressure as well.

Surgical Procedures for Myocardial Infarct:

Angioplasty and Stenting: During the angioplasty, the surgeon will introduce a catheter in to the occluded portion. The surgeon then passes a wire that has a small, deflated balloon through the catheter. Then, the balloon is inflated to enlarge the artery. A stent is inserted to keep the artery open. Furthermore, some stents liberate drugs that keep the artery wide.
Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: a graft is created to bypass the occluded coronary artery using a blood vessel elsewhere from the body. Accordingly, the blood flows around the occluded artery.

Additional Guidelines for Myocardial Ischemia Treatment

In addition to surgery and administration of drugs, it is extremely vital to follow a heart-healthy lifestyle. Your doctor will recommend the following:

Stop smoking.
Eliminate alcohol
Manage any underlying disorders, such as, high blood pressure, high levels of serum cholesterol, obesity and diabetes.
Diet plays a significant role in the management of cardiac diseases. Limit the intake of fats and salt. Incorporate loads of fresh fruits and vegetables.
Ensure that the diet has a generous dose of garlic, onions and flax seeds.
Exercise and stay active. It improves blood flow to the heart.
Maintain an ideal body weight; get rid of superfluous pounds.
Practicing stress management techniques is an important aspect of the myocardial ischemia treatment plan.

Additionally, it is essential to have regular check ups and screenings. Early detection and prompt myocardial ischemia treatment are necessary to prevent complications.